Prior to the arrival of the railroad, the area now known as Durham was the eastern part of present-day Orange County and was almost entirely agricultural, with a few businesses catering to travelers (particularly livestock drivers) along the Hillsborough Road.  Mustard known as Durham Mustard was originally produced in Durham, England, by Mrs Clements and later by Ainsley during the eighteenth century. Unlike the Greensboro Four, three years later, the Royal Seven were arrested and ultimately found guilty of trespassing. With a 2020 population of 287,865, it is the 4th largest city in North Carolina (after Charlotte, Raleigh, and Greensboro) and the 71st largest city in the United States. The Eno River, a tributary of the Neuse River, passes through the northern part of Durham, along with several other small creeks. The blast destroyed a city block and killed Kong Lee, the owner, as well as injuring 25 others. Most recently, the population has grown over 15% between the 2010 census and estimates taken in 2016. Current Black Or African American Population in Durham,North Carolina2020, 2019 with Demographics and Stats by age and gender. 5.9%. Durham has an active and diverse local music culture. Durham's professional sports team is the Durham Bulls International League baseball team. Rodley, Chris; Lynch, David (2005). QuickFacts provides statistics for all states and counties, and for cities and towns with a population of 5,000 or more. Durham County, North Carolina is the 7th largest county in North Carolina. If the officials threaten to arrest us for standing up for our rights, we must answer by saying that we are willing and prepared to fill up the jails of the South.". There were proposals to extend this corridor 7 miles (11 km) to Chapel Hill with light rail technology. Durham North Carolina 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% Count White 1 Hispanic 2 Black Asian Mixed 1 Other 1. Naturally, a merger of Durham City Schools (several inner city neighborhoods) and Durham County Schools in the early 1990s has not been without controversy. It was ranked the 10th best HBCU overall. Map. WNCU, which is supported in part by NPR, is a jazz focused FM radio station, with broadcast studios on the campus of NCCU. Durham is home to several recognized institutions of higher education, most notably Duke University and North Carolina Central University. The state’s population grew by 738,000 between 2010 and 2017, and 43 percent of those people settled in nine cities, including Cary, Durham and Raleigh. Durham recorded its worst fire in history on March 23, 1914. In 2006, racial and community tensions stirred following allegations of a sexual assault by three white members of the Duke University lacrosse team in what is now known as the 2006 Duke University lacrosse case. Emphasizing community, DADA helps local residents gain access to these artists by providing free or low-cost venue admission. The per capita income for the city was $27,156. Durham County is a county located in the U.S. state of North Carolina. The Durham-based Independent Weekly, noted for its progressive/liberal perspective, provides political and entertainment news for the greater Research Triangle; it began publication in 1983. ", "Race and Hispanic Origin for Selected Cities and Other Places: Earliest Census to 1990", "City of Durham - Office of Economic and Workforce Development", "The Google Glass Road Show Starts October 5th in Durham, NC", "Hill Building: Museum, Boutique Hotel & Restaurant in Durham, NC", "One City Center and other new buildings in downtown Durham", "Construction set to begin on downtown Durham tower", "Durham, Raleigh ready for new 26- and 23-story buildings", "Retail Space Available ― Downtown Durham NC — ONE CITY CENTER", "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990", "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Durham city, North Carolina", "Climatology of the United States No. , Duke University has approximately 14,000 students, split evenly between graduates and undergraduates. The allegations were made by Crystal Gail Mangum a young, female African-American student and mother of two young children.  Construction has already started, and the building will be at the corner of Main St. and Corcoran St.  Duke Power also had a significant business in local franchises for public transit (buses and trolleys) before local government took over this responsibility in the mid- to late 20th century. In 2013, 21c Museum Hotels announced plans to fully renovate the Hill Building. For every 100 females there are 88.9 males. As of the 2010 census, the population was 267,587, making it the sixth-most populous county in North Carolina. Non-Hispanic White comprised 37.9% of the population. There are also religious schools, including Trinity School of Durham and Chapel Hill. The population in Durham is 257,232. Durham is most-known for its role within the “Research Triangle” of North Carolina, which also includes the cities of Raleigh and Chapel Hill. Durham also known as Bull City, is a city in and the county seat of Durham County in the U.S. state of North Carolina. , Durham's location is a result of the needs of the 19th century railroad industry. Popular bands and musicians include Branford Marsalis, Iron & Wine, Carolina Chocolate Drops, The Mountain Goats, John Dee Holeman, 9th Wonder, Red Clay Ramblers, The Old Ceremony, Megafaun, Curtis Eller, Mount Moriah, Hiss Golden Messenger, Sylvan Esso, Mel Melton, Hammer No More the Fingers, Yahzarah, G Yamazawa, and Jim Mills.  Working together in coalition, these two groups have dominated city and county politics since the early 1980s. , The six-month-long sit-in at a Woolworth's counter in Greensboro, NC, captured the nation's attention. The I-40 corridor has been the main site of commercial and residential development in Durham since its opening in the early 1990s. Washington Duke was a good businessman, but his sons were brilliant and established what amounted to a monopoly of the smoking and chewing tobacco business in the United States by 1900. Durham maintains an extensive network of bicycle routes and trails and has been recognized with a Bicycle Friendly Community Award. The multimillion-dollar blaze destroyed a large portion of the downtown business district. The North Carolina School for Science and Mathematics is a high school operated by the University of North Carolina in central Durham. Home → America → USA → North Carolina. These businesses — the best known of which are North Carolina Mutual Life Insurance Company and Mechanics & Farmers Bank — were centered on Parrish St., which would come to be known as "Black Wall Street." These were large, noisy, and smoky coal-fired plants located next to the railroad tracks. Ceety. On the Duke University campus are the neo-Gothic Duke Chapel and the Nasher Museum of Art. When they refused to budge, the manager called the police who charged them with trespassing. While these industries have declined, Durham underwent revitalization and population growth to become an educational, medical, and research center.. After the surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia by Gen. Robert E. Lee at Appomattox, Virginia on April 9, 1865, Gen. Johnston sought surrender terms, which were negotiated on April 17, 18 and 26 at Bennett Place, the small farm of James and Nancy Bennett, located halfway between the army's lines about 3 miles (4.8 km) west of Durham Station. There were 103,221 housing units at an average density of 1,087.7 per square mile (419.9/km2). Combined with large-scale demolition using Urban Renewal funds, Durham suffered significant losses to its historic architectural base. A few successful local soul groups from Durham also recorded on national labels like United Artists or on regional labels in the mid-Atlantic and Northeast.. 2,079,687), including age, race, sex, income, poverty, marital status, education and more. It is located on Parrish Street. In 1957, Douglas E. Moore, minister of Durham's Asbury Temple Methodist Church, along with other religious and community leaders, pioneered sit-ins throughout North Carolina to protest discrimination at lunch counters that served only whites. At the time of its incorporation by the General Assembly, Durham was located in Orange County. More. The Nasher Museum of Art opened in October 2005 and has produced nationally recognized traveling exhibitions of global, contemporary art. ... View Population Demographics and Statistics for all races in Durham, North Carolina. North Carolina has three major Combined Statistical Areas with populations over 1.6 million, as of 2016. Durham County is the most liberal county in North Carolina, measured by the percentage of voters aligning with the Democratic party in the last several presidential elections 2008 United States presidential election in North Carolina#By county. Population, Census, April 1, 2010. Multiple sit-ins were held, and Martin Luther King Jr., visited the city during the struggle for equal rights. A selection of locally renowned galleries remain in business throughout the city. Navigation: Home. In an effort to create safer roadways for vehicles, bicyclists, and pedestrians, drivers can enroll in Durham's Pace Car Program and agree to drive the speed limit, stop at all stop signs, stop at all red lights, and stop to let pedestrians cross the street. ", "Three things that shaped Mary Katharine Ham's conservative world", "Big Daddy Kane, The Jay-Z Of '89, Still Every Bit The Playa", Patrick Kypson | Overview | ATP Tour | Tennis, "Crystal Gail Mangum: Profile of the Duke Rape Accuser", "Mangum found guilty in boyfriend's stabbing death :: WRAL.com", Patterson, Robert Martin - Medal of Honor host City Program, "The travails of Xiu Xiu leader and reluctant Durham resident Jamie Stewart | Music Essay", "Bio | People | Divinity School | Vanderbilt University", "Army General Leads Drive to Stop Discrimination Against U.S. Small portions of the city limits extend into Orange County and Wake County. A national leader in medical research and health care, especially at Research Triangle Park, Durham also houses academic powerhouse Duke University, landing it a spot on Livability's Top 10 College Towns. In 1910, Dr. James E. Shepard founded North Carolina Central University, the nation's first publicly supported liberal arts college for African-Americans. With a 2020 population of 483,579, it is the 2nd largest city in North Carolina (after Charlotte) and the 40th largest city in the United States. W.T. Duke campus buses and vans have alternate schedules or do not operate during breaks and holidays. Public schools in Durham are run by Durham Public Schools, the eighth largest school district in North Carolina. The population density was 2,406.0 people per square mile (928.9/km2). The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54. Durham is located 10.41 miles northeast of Chapel Hill, North Carolina, 20.78 miles northwest of Raleigh, North Carolina, 50.21 miles east of Greensboro, North Carolina, 121.40 miles northeast of Charlotte, North Carolina, and 134.06 miles southwest of Richmond, Virginia.  Public schools in Durham were partially segregated until 1970. Clockwise frae tap: Durham skyline, North Carolina Schuil o Science an Mathematics, Five Pynts, Carolina Theater, Durham Performin Airts Center, Duke Chapel. As both armies passed through Durham, Hillsborough, and surrounding Piedmont communities, they enjoyed the mild flavor of the area's Brightleaf Tobacco, which was considered more pleasant to smoke or chew than was available back home after the war. Name County Population Census 2000-04 … Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America. On April 10, 2019, a gas explosion rocked Kaffeinate, a coffee shop in Bright Leaf Historic District. QuickFacts provides statistics for all states and counties, and for cities and towns with a population of 5,000 or more. 321,488. Members of The Butchies, Superchunk, Chatham County Line, Alice Donut, and the Avett Brothers live in Durham. This increase represented 11 new residents and five new households for every day of the past 10 years. Several magnet high schools focus on distinct subject areas, such as the Durham School of the Arts and the City of Medicine Academy.  The seven-member City Council is the primary budgetary and lawmaking authority. Durham has a rich history of African American rhythm and blues, soul, and funk music.  Other events include jazz festivals, plays, symphony concerts, art exhibitions, and a multitude of cultural expositions, including the American Dance Festival, Tobacco Road Dance, and the Full Frame Documentary Film Festival. Durham is a city located in North Carolina. Durham reached it's highest population of 287,865 in 2021. population totals; Total Black Or African American population in Durham ; Total Population: 93,517; Male … In the early 1910s, the Federal Government forced a breakup of the Duke's business under the antitrust laws. There were 93,441 households, out of which 27.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.2% were married couples living together, 15.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 43.9% were non-families. GoTriangle offers scheduled, fixed-route regional and commuter bus service between Raleigh and the region's other principal cities of Durham, Cary and Chapel Hill, as well as to and from the Raleigh-Durham International Airport, Research Triangle Park and several of the region's larger suburban communities. The development of Hillsborough Road, which served as a major route through the state, led to population growth. The city has a total area of 108.3 square miles (280.4 km2), of which 107.4 square miles (278.1 km2) is land and 0.93 square miles (2.4 km2), or 0.84%, is water.. A center of Durham's culture is its Carolina Theatre, which presents concerts, comedy and arts in historic Fletcher Hall and Independent and repertory film in its cinemas. Durham is also a national leader in health-related activities, which are focused on the Duke University Hospital and many private companies. The establishment of Durham County was ratified by the General Assembly 12 years later, in 1881. Durham was incorporated as a city in 1869, but its history began long before that. As a result of its substantial African-American community, including many courageous activists, a prominent civil rights movement developed in Durham. Chapel Hill, Durham, and the state capital, Raleigh, make up the corners of the Research Triangle (officially the Raleigh–Durham–Cary combined statistical area), with a total population of … in Durham (North Carolina) Contents: City. The last formidable Confederate Army in the South, commanded by General Joseph E. Johnston, was headquartered in Greensboro 50 miles (80 km) to the west. Durham city, North Carolina. Many famous people have performed there including B.B. Much of the early city architecture, both commercial and residential, dates from the period of 1890–1930. Amtrak operates a daily train between Charlotte and New York City (the Carolinian) which stops in downtown Durham. As Durham Station's population rapidly increased, the station became a town and was incorporated by act of the North Carolina General Assembly, on April 10, 1869. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $1,058 per month, and the median house value is $224,100. The city is also considering furthering the progress on the Triangle Greenway System. The U.S. Census Bureau estimated the city's population to be 278,993 as of July 1, 2019, making it the 4th-most populous city in North Carolina, and the 74th-most populous city in the United States. Before that, the polls between 2000 and 2010 recorded over 22% growth. Over 34,000 people are employed by Duke University and the Duke University Health System. The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 228,330 .  Frequent service (five flights a day or more) is available to Philadelphia, Atlanta, New York LaGuardia, New York Kennedy, Newark, Washington Reagan, Washington Dulles, Chicago O'Hare, Dallas, Houston, Miami, and Charlotte. Black Wall Street was the hub of African-American businesses and financial services in Durham, North Carolina, during the late 1800s and early 1900s. It focuses on providing education in various forms of art ranging from visual to the performing arts.. The center of Durham is on a ridge that forms the divide between the Neuse River watershed, flowing east to Pamlico Sound, and the Cape Fear River watershed, flowing south to the Atlantic near Wilmington. Durham operates under a council-manager government. This road, eventually followed by US Route 70, was the major east–west route in North Carolina from colonial times until the construction of interstate highways. Durham's population, as of July 1, 2019 and according to the 2019 US census data estimate, had grown to 278,993, making it the 50th fastest growing city in the US, and the 2nd fastest growing city in North Carolina, behind Cary but ahead of Charlotte, Raleigh and Greensboro.. Durham. There are several charter school options as well, including Research Triangle High School (a STEM school in Research Triangle Park), Voyager Academy (K-12), Kestrel Heights School (K-12), Maureen Joy Charter School (K-8), and most recently Excelsior Classical Academy (K-8). The 2010 Population was 271,357 and has seen a growth of 21.80% since this time. Partnering with developers from around the world, the city continues to promote the redevelopment of many of its former tobacco districts, projects supplemented by the earlier construction of the Durham Performing Arts Center and new Durham Bulls Athletic Park. Durham is located in the east-central part of the Piedmont region at 35°59′19″N 78°54′26″W / 35.98861°N 78.90722°W / 35.98861; -78.90722 (35.988644, −78.907167). Prior to the American Revolution, frontiersmen in what is now Durham were involved in the Regulator movement. Tornado activity: Durham-area historical tornado activity is near North Carolina state average.It is 15% smaller than the overall U.S. average.. On 11/28/1988, a category F4 (max.  The name "Bull Durham" is said to have been taken from the bull on the British Colman's Mustard, which Mr. Blackwell mistakenly believed was manufactured in Durham, England. North Carolina. Previously the Durham Athletic Park, located on the northern end of downtown, had served as the Bull's homebase. According to legend, Loyalist militia cut Cornwallis Road through this area in 1771 to quell the rebellion. The population of Durham County is 267,587 in 2010. 12.9k. wind speeds 207-260 mph) tornado 12.0 miles away from the Durham city center killed 4 people and injured 154 people and caused between $50,000,000 and $500,000,000 in damages.. On 11/23/1992, a … Lynch on Lynch (2nd ed.). A movie involving an earlier Carolina League team of that name, Bull Durham, was produced in 1988. A new Amtrak station was built in 2011 in a former tobacco warehouse. This led to the establishment of a city water system. Durham's manufacturing fortunes declined during the mid-20th century. Durham County North Carolina Population 2020 2019, Durham County North Carolina Population 2019, Durham County North Carolina Population 2020, Durham County North Carolina Demographics 2020 2019, Durham County North Carolina Statistics 2020 2019.  The city is located in the east-central part of the Piedmont region along the Eno River. Macmillan. 198,376. The rapid growth and prosperity of the Bull Durham Tobacco Company, and Washington Duke's W. Duke & Sons Tobacco Company, resulted in the rapid growth of the city of Durham.  Many other companies have purchased and renovated historic buildings, such as Measurement Incorporated and Capitol Broadcasting Company.  Like much of the region, its topography is generally flat with some rolling hills. GoTriangle also coordinates an extensive vanpool and rideshare program that serves the region's larger employers and commute destinations. Durham, North Carolina Population: Census 2010 and 2000 Interactive Map, Demographics, Statistics, Quick Facts Compare population statistics about Durham, NC by race, age, gender, Latino/Hispanic origin etc. One downtown railroad underpass has attracted national media coverage, because it provides only 11 feet-8 inches of clearance, and has damaged the roofs of many trucks. Collegiate athletics are a primary focus in Durham. North Carolina Central University is a public, historically black university located in southeastern Durham. There are 2,293 people per square mile aka population density. 40.0%. The current population of Durham, North Carolina is 287,865, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The Poverty Rate of black residents in Durham, North Carolina is dramatically lower than the national average of 25.2%. In 1701, Durham's beauty was chronicled by the English explorer John Lawson, who called the area "the flower of the Carolinas." Spaulding, Louis Austin, Conrad Pearson, and James E. Shepard, has been cited nationally for its role in fighting for Black voting rights.  The freeway construction resulted in losses to other historic neighborhoods, including Morehead Hills, West End, and West Durham. Textile and electric power industries also played an important role. Major employers in Durham are Duke University and Duke Medical Center (39,000 employees, 14,000 students), about 2 miles (3.2 km) west of the original downtown area, and companies in the Research Triangle Park (49,000 employees), about 10 miles (16 km) southeast. 33.8k. As of 2018, 14.2% of Durham, NC residents were born outside of the country (38.9k people). Durham is also home to art museums, a strong … The new Durham County Justice Center was completed in early 2013. The Durham Dragons, a women's fast pitch softball team, played in the Durham Athletic Park from 1998 to 2000.  In 2018, Durham appointed its first Latino council member Javiera Caballero. Email. At this time (1910–1920), the few towns and cities in North Carolina that had electricity depended on local "powerhouses". The population development of Durham as well as related information and services (weather, Wikipedia, Google, images). The first publicly supported liberal arts college for blacks was also founded here in 1910. GoDurham provides municipal bus service. The city faced some troubles in 1914 when a fire destroyed much of the downtown business district. Today, Duke University and Duke Medical Center are two of the city’s largest employers. NCCU became a university in 1969 and joined the University of North Carolina system in 1972. They may have established a village named Adshusheer on the site. National Public Radio affiliate WUNC, based in Chapel Hill, has significant operations in Durham. Soldiers", "James Wyngaarden Obituary - Durham, NC | Grand Rapids Press", Bibliography of the history of Durham, North Carolina, cities with populations exceeding 100,000, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Durham,_North_Carolina&oldid=1008014077, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox settlement with possible area code list, Pages using infobox settlement with unknown parameters, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2014, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2014, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2018, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2007, Articles needing additional references from November 2011, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2010, Articles lacking reliable references from July 2015, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, W. Bowman "Bo" Ferguson, Wanda Page, Keith Chadwell, Javiera Caballero, Pierce Freelon, DeDreana Freeman, Mark-Anthony Middleton, Jillian Johnson, Charlie Reece, Source 2: The Weather Channel (extreme temps), This page was last edited on 21 February 2021, at 03:06. Basketball team draws a large portion of the Raleigh-Durham-Fayetteville designated market area, the Museum Art! Leigh among them, were established in the nation by U.S. News & World in! City ’ s thriving tobacco industry small portion of the original Durham Mustard has now been passed into the of. Worked the land on which the Station was built in 2011 in a former tobacco warehouse Friday of the business. Median income for the city faced some troubles in 1914 when a fire destroyed of. Age in Durham in various forms of Art and performance in Durham is also a national leader in health-related,... James Buchanan Duke established a philanthropic foundation in honor of his father washington Duke to support local working. 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